CRV - REG EXPERIMENT DESIGN V1.3
Melvin L Morse MD FAAP
Paul H Smith MS ABD
If random systems are influenced by consciousness, then the focused consciousness integral to a successful remote viewing session will correlate with departures from randomness in an intentionally-linked portable random event generator (REG).
2. SUPPORTING HYPOTHESES:
2.1. If non-random data patterns are observed in the REG stream, they will tend to correlate with those remote viewing session segments (CRV ‘Stages’) most likely to involve nonlocal mental access of the signal line.
2.2. Sessions that produce higher-quality data will also correlate with more pronounced deviations from randomness in the respective REG data streams.
3. EXPERIMENTAL CONCEPT:
Six remote viewers will perform four controlled remote viewing (CRV) sessions each on a rotating schedule between noon on Friday, 7 November 2008 and Saturday evening, 8 November 2008. In each room along with the viewer will be a Psyleron random event generator and an operator. Both operator and viewer will be blind to the target the viewer is to address. The REG data stream output will also be blind to both the viewer and the Psyleron operator, and recorded to computer disk without observation. The operator will not interact with the viewer except as necessary to perform such functions as coordinating start and stop times, providing the initial coordinate, and so on. Subsequent to the completion of all sessions, REG data and remote viewing session will be chronologically matched and analyzed to see if the primary hypothesis and supporting hypotheses are borne out.
At a future date, a control group of beginning drawing students will be individually asked to produce sketches and verbalize the sketching process to perform a cognitive task roughly equal in complexity to the remote viewing task, but without the nonlocal mental access that presumably the phenomenon involves
4. SUBJECT (VIEWER) SELECTION:
Six subjects have been selected to participate in the experiment. This number was settled on as the best to provide the most remote viewing sessions manageable in the available amount of time, while keeping the number of sessions for each viewer low enough to reasonably avoid viewer fatigue that could affect session results.
Subjects are volunteers who meet the following criteria: 1) Are students
of the CRV remote viewing method taught by Paul H. Smith at Remote Viewing
Instructional Services, Inc. (RVIS, Inc.) 2) Have completed at least the
Intermediate level of instruction in CRV. 3) Have shown a consistent history of
producing medium-to-high quality remote viewing results in their remote viewing
attempts, as assessed by subjective evaluation by their instructors during
their training regimens. 4) Are available to participate
on the designated experiment days.
For logistical reasons, preference is given to those student viewers who
are closest in proximity to
5. REMOTE VIEWING METHODOLOGY:
The remote viewing methodology employed for this experiment will be controlled remote viewing (CRV). There are three reasons for this: 1) The ordered sequence of events (‘stages’) in the CRV process particularly commend itself to relatively straightforward correlation with mile-post events in REG data streams. 2) The immediate accessibility of a pool of research subjects whose general performance level is already known. 3) The relatively uniform level of training and experience of this particular subject pool helps avoid the possible confounding variable of too much heterogeneity within the pool.
6. SUBJECT PRIVACY
To preserve viewer privacy, all participating subjects will be identified only by an individually-assigned number, except on materials requiring
more specific identification, such as “human use” documents (see below). A confidential viewer number/personal identification key list has
been prepared. Viewers will be provided their assigned identification number at the start of the experiment. The numbers will begin with the
letter R and consist of the two-digit year designation (for 2008 it will be ‘08') followed by a two-digit sequence number unique to that subject/viewer.
As necessary, research personnel and the subjects themselves may be made aware of the numbers and the subject to whom each refers,
but all involved are under obligation to protect this information from public release. The exception is that each subject/viewer may release
his/her number and identification (but no one else’s) if he/she so chooses once the experiment is completed.
7. EXPERIMENTATION ON HUMAN SUBJECTS (appendix?)
While it remains debatable whether remote viewing experiments fall under guidelines for experimentation on human subjects, government
experiments of this sort were often determined by legal counsel to constitute ‘human use.’ We have elected to take the conservative course
and meet minimal human use requirements, including forming an institutional review board (IRB) and providing disclosure/consent forms
for all subjects.
7.1. Institutional Review Board. The IRB will consist of six members, including the following: Dr. Jessica Utts
(professor, UC-Irvine, and board member, IRVA); Mr. Stephan Schwartz (board member, IRVA); Dr. Tom Brown
(Thomas M. Brown, Psy.D. LLC); Dr. John Alexander (board member, IRVA); Mr. William Eigles (board member, IRVA);
and Dr. Dean Radin (Institute of Noetic Studies). The IRB thus consists of five male members and one female member,
four of whom are members of the organization’s governing board, and two of whom are outsiders. Additionally, on the
board is a clinical psychologist (Brown), two scientists (Utts and Radin), an experienced researcher (Schwartz), an adviser
to the Army Science Board (Alexander), and a legal advisor (Eigles). This configuration meets or exceeds basic requirements
for IRB constitution as outlined by the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
7.2. The responsibility of the IRB will be to review the research proposal, experimental design, and human use documentation
for compliance with the United States Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Human Research Protections guidelines.
7.3. There will no intrusive examination or risky or dangerous activity involved in the experiment. Subjects will be performing
actions that they have themselves elected to undertake on their own many times in the past. They will be fully briefed on what
they are being asked to do to participate in the project, and will be given a consent form to sign. All participants are over the age of 18.
8. REG OPERATOR TRAINING
A period will be set aside Thursday night, 6 November to train operators and alternates on operation of the random number generator
and associated equipment. Any further training required will be conducted on Friday morning, 7 November.
9. BLINDING PROTOCOL:
All viewers will be double blind to targets they are assigned to remote view until after viewing is completed and session materials
for that target are sequestered. All individuals associating with the viewers before and during the sessions will be fully blind to
the target. The REG data stream output will be blind to both the viewer and the Psyleron operator, so any effects are unobservable
at the time of recording. This insures that no voluntary or involuntary verbal or non-verbal influence from the operator as a result of
surprising or other observed effects from the REG will distract the viewer. (It also effectively lessens the impact of spurious consciousness
effects from the operator as he or she attends to the data stream.)
10. TARGET POOL SELECTION:
The experiment target pool will be created by two of the experimenters. One experimenter (Paul H. Smith) has more than 25 years’ experience
with remote viewing targeting. Targets will be standard geographic locations (including unique landforms, land/water features, structures, etc.).
Smith will select targets for five of the six viewers in the experiment. Since Smith will also participate as a viewer, a second set of targets will
be prepared by another researcher (Stahler) to be used for the sessions Smith will execute. The target pool selected by Smith will contain twenty
targets divided into five sets of four targets each
, suitable for
controlled remote viewing up to the Stage III level. Four of these sets
will be used, with two in reserve. The sets will be prepared in the following way:
10.1. Each target will be represented by a feedback sheet consisting of the target name, the name of its most specifiable geographic location,
and geographic coordinates for its precise location. So, for example, if the selected target were the Eiffel Tower the feedback sheet would
be headed by the name ‘Eiffel Tower,’ under which would be ‘Paris, France,’ and under that the geographical coordinates in latitude and
longitude, including degrees, minutes, seconds, and where necessary for specificity, fractions of seconds (the geographical coordinates
will be obtained from Google Earth). Under this will be a photo or photographs of the target location. [Note: viewers are asked to mentally
access the actual target location itself, not the photo that represents it, for each target they address.]
10.2. A copy of the feedback sheet will be generated for each of the viewers.
10.3. Target feedback sheets will be sorted into five groups of four sheets each. Sheets are selected for inclusion in each of the five discrete
four-target sets to be as heterogeneous as possible with the other three targets in each set.
10.4. For each target set, each of the four target feedback sheets will be sealed inside its own individual, identical, opaque
manila envelope size 5"X11.5".
10.5. The resulting four identical envelopes will then be sealed inside an opaque 9"X11" manila envelope.
10.6. This will be done repeatedly with each succeeding target set until there are five externally indistinguishable target sets.
These five identical envelopes will be presented to a disinterested third party who will out of Smith’s presence shuffle the envelopes.
The envelopes will then be presented to another third party who out of Smith’s presence may or may not shuffle the envelopes again,
but will number the envelopes arbitrarily from one to five.
Since Smith will also participate as a viewer, a second set of targets will be prepared by another researcher (Stahler) to be used for the sessions
Smith will execute. In the interest of time and resources, Stahler will prepare one target pool of five target feedback sheets (four to use, one spare)
distributed and sealed into seven identical 5"X11.5" opaque envelopes, which will be randomized and numbered as described above.
All five target envelopes will then be placed inside a single 9"X12" opaque envelope until needed. This target pool, while still fully
concealing the target, will thus be constructed differently, which will not affect the remote viewing process but only possible later blind judging.
11. SELECTING TRIAL TARGETS
Each new session rotation will be initiated by the random selection of the target set to be used during that rotation. A single six-sided
die will be rolled, and the resulting number of dots on the upper face of the die will be the number of the target pool envelope to be
used for that session rotation. (Since this will also be done for each of the remaining three rotations, the die will be rolled until its
upper face contains a number of dots for a target pool envelope not already chosen.)
The remaining envelopes will be returned to a safe location, and the selected envelope will be opened and the four target envelopes
inside arranged on a table or desk. The number of the target pool envelope will be written in ink on each of the four envelopes.
(For example, if the selected target pool envelope is ‘5' then each individual target envelope will be labeled “Pool 5.” The purpose
for this is to prevent the target envelopes from getting mixed in with others and
contaminating any future judging process.) Then, each of the four target envelopes will themselves be numbered from one to four.
These numbers should be below and prefixed with the word 'Target.' (For example, if the target envelope is number 4 from pool
number 5, the envelope would be labeled with "Pool 5" with "Target 4" labeled below.
A six-sided die will be rolled to determine which of the four target envelopes will represent the selected target. Again, the upper-most
face of the rolled die will represent the number of the target envelope that is selected. In case a number greater than four is rolled, the
die will be rolled again until a number four or under results.
Once the target has been selected, the remaining three envelopes will be returned to the target pool envelope, and that envelope together
with its contents returned to a safe place.
12. TARGET TASKING:
Viewers will be tasked at the beginning of each session for each of the four rotations using what has become known as “encrypted coordinates.”
These “coordinates” will consist in the year, month, and day in reverse order (so August 13, 2009 would be ‘090813') followed by two more
zeros and an uppercase letter representing which session is being undertaken. So, for example, for the first trial on Friday, November 7, 2008
each viewer will receive the coordinate ‘08110700A’ when it is time for him or her to initiate the session.
13. RANDOM EVENT GENERATOR DESCRIPTION (REG)
The random event generator we will use in the Psyleron REG. The REG works by electronically quantifying the electronic noise
present within certain micro-electronic devices (e.g., a diode), which is known to be fundamentally random, as binary events and
representing the data as a stream of ones and zeros. The data stream is recorded to a computer hard drive for later statistical analysis
as well as real-time analysis by the Psyleron software package.
The real-time Psyleron software analysis is displayed as a graph of cumulative deviations about the theoretical mean. The graphic
display is set up with a standard x-y axis, with a symmetrical parabolic curve starting from the origin of the x-y axis, and imposed
on the graph from left to right centering on the x-axis, with the open end of the parabola at the right edge of the screen.
This parabolic curve represents the thresholds of statistical significance. The theoretical odds are 1 in 20 that an effect
exceeding these thresholds is due to chance alone. This curve represents the point at which cumulative imbalances in the
ratio of ones and zeros in the data stream (deviations from the mean), reach statistical significance. As the cumulative
deviations extend beyond the threshold of the curve, the odds that the effect is due to chance diminish rapidly. In the software
employed by the Psyleron REG, line movement below the x-axis is considered ‘negative’ (but merely represents a proportionally
higher number of zeroes in the data stream than ones) and movement above the x-axis line is considered ‘positive’ (and represents
a proportionately higher number of ones). These designations are arbitrary, and could as easily been described as 'up' vs. 'down,'
'heads' vs. 'tails,' or – if the graph were oriented vertically – ‘left’ vs. ‘right.’ No metaphysical significance should be derived from
whether the effects stream moves into ‘positive’ or ‘negative’ territory.
14. RECOGNIZING AN EFFECT
It should first be stated that what an REG ‘measures’ (if measure is the right word) is unknown. Speculatively, it has been suggested
that it detects consciousness fields or the impact of mental processes on quantum systems. All that can definitively be said is that any
effects observed consist only in the REG outputting more 1's or more 0's than is statistically warranted, correlated with some human
activity involving consciousness or focused attention. For the purposes of this experiment, we will consider any of the following to be
14.1. An excursion of positive cumulative deviations (more ones than zeros) Beyond the curve representing the positive 5%
15.2. An excursion of negative cumulative deviations (more zeros than ones) beyond the curve representing the negative 5%
15.3. An excursion that does not cross the statistical significance threshold in either direction, but which correlates consistently
over three or more remote viewing sessions in approximately the same ‘locations’ (stages) in the remote viewing process.
16. SCHEDULING OF SESSIONS AND VIEWER MANAGEMENT:
Rotation sessions and subject/viewer performance will conform to the following schedule:
Friday, November 7, 2008:
1:00PM Briefing, Target A Selection
Target A Sessions
2:00PM REG1 - R0801
REG2 - R0804
3:00PM REG1 - R0802
REG2 - R0805
4:00PM REG1 - R0803
REG2 - R0806
5:00PM Feedback Target A, Target B Selection
Saturday, November 8, 2008:
Target B Sessions
8:30AM REG1 - R0804
REG2 - R0801
9: 30AM REG1 - R0805
REG2 - R0802
10: 30AM REG1 - R0806
REG2 - R0803
11: 30AM Lunch(Sandwiches), Feedback Target B, Target C Selection
Target C Sessions
12:30PM REG1 - R0801
REG2 - R0804
1: 30PM REG1 - R0802
REG2 - R0805
2: 30PM REG1 - R0803
REG2 - R0806
3: 30PM Break, Feedback Target C, Target D Selection
Target D Sessions
4:00PM REG1 - R0804
REG2 - R0801
5: 00PM REG1 - R0805
REG2 - R0802
6: 00PM REG1 - R0806
REG2 - R0803
7:00PM Dinner (Pizza), Feedback Target D and Debriefing
17. PSYLERON REG DATA RECORDING PARAMETERS:
The Psyleron REG outputs data in sets of 10, 20, or 200 bits at rates of 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 data sets per second.
For this study we will use the Psyleron recommended parameters of 20 bit data sets at a rate of 3 data sets per second.
18. TIME SYNCHRONIZATION:
For purposes of synchronizing the remote viewer CRV transcript, viewer audio data and REG data the session the
following techniques will be employed:
18.1. Electronic audio recorder file time-stamping.
18.2. Electronic REG data file time-stamping.
18.3. Manual audio recording of start and end times by operator annunciation of time to the viewer.
18.4. Manual REG data recording of the start and end times by comment data field entry.
19. SESSION OUTLINE:
The following is a step-by-step outline of how it is expected each iteration of the experiment will procede:
19.1. A 60-minute period is allotted for each session. As the period begins, the REG operator prepares his
device for the next viewer, establishing a new REG data file, establishing data identification, and ensuring
that the device is ready to operate. He or she then runs the machine for five minutes before the viewer enters
the room, and leaves it running as the viewer enters and prepares for the session.
19.2. When the operator indicates readiness, the viewer enters the room and takes up his or her position at the
viewing table, out of sight of the REG and operator. Blank session transcript paper is arranged to the viewer’s taste,
and appropriate administrative headings are added to the first page. Initial information in this heading will include
viewer number (not name), date, and location
, and time. The viewer indicates to the REG operator
that he or she is ready to begin.
19.3. The REG operator will initiate the audio recording, which will electronically time stamp the audio file, and announce
"Time now XX:XX am/pm." Both the viewer And the REG operator will note the time. The viewer will note the time
under the 'number/location/date' header, and the operator will note the time in the comments field of the Psyerlon software.
19.4. REG operator verbalizes to the viewer the target coordinate to start the viewer on the session. The viewer begins the session.
19.5. As the session progresses, the viewer verbalizes as specified by the CRV methodology, and writes down data
and makes target-relevant sketches according to CRV structure.
19.6. As the viewer session proceeds, the operator annotates the REG data recording with significant session events
using the following vocabulary and in chronological order:
"Start XX:XX am/pm" - CRV Session Start Time
"S1" - Beginning CRV Stage I
"S2" - Beginning CRV Stage II
"AI" - Aesthetic Impact Break, Transitioning from Stage II to Stage III
"S3" - Beginning CRV Stage III
"Summary" - Beginning CRV Data Summary Phase
"End XX:XX am/pm" - CRV Session End Time
Additionally, the following annotations will be used for noting CRV breaks encountered during Stages I, II, or III:
"BK" - AOL or other CRV break
"RE" - Resume from break
19.7. As the viewer completes the session he or she drafts a short summary of results, declares “session end,” and both
verbalizes and notes the time annunciated by the REG operator. Sessions shall last no longer than 25 minutes. The REG
operator will proactively terminate sessions in excess of 25 minutes by requesting a viewer summary.
19.8. The viewer will collate the session transcript, staple it, and place it face down in the place designated.
19.9. The REG operator will allow the device to record 'baseline' data for 25 minutes after the completion of the remote
viewing session. Upon the end of this period, the operator will carefully save all results in a folder uniquely specified for
20. SESSION FEEDBACK:
An important part of the remote viewing protocol is that whenever possible, feedback about the target should be presented to the
viewer as soon as reasonably possible after completion of the session, just so long as contamination of the experiment’s results is
Feedback will be withheld until all viewers have completed their sessions for that rotation, and their transcripts and other results
have been secured from further amendment. At this point all the viewers will be presented the feedback at once by the process
of the experimenter unsealing the selected target envelope and allowing the subject/viewers to examine the feedback sheet.
Once viewers have had the opportunity to examine the feedback sheet, an experimenter will write the encrypted coordinate on it
which was used for that session rotation, return it to its envelope, and return it further to its original target pool envelope.
All these materials, plus the transcripts of all six viewers, will be kept together and segregated from other target materials from
other session rotations.
21. SESSION JUDGING/SCORING:
Blind judging of the remote viewing results against their respective target pools will not be conducted during this stage of the experiment.
However, the remote viewing data will be preserved in a way that will not compromise or contaminate future double blind judging once
suitable judges have been selected and the judging performed.
22. SAFEGUARDING DATA:
All session transcripts, REG traces, and audio recordings will be properly catalogued, archived, segregated, and preserved at the end of the
experiment. A complete copy of all originals of each media will be made and left with experimenter Paul H. Smith. Originals will remain
in the possession of experimenter Melvin Morse. If time allows, a further copy will be made and entrusted to experimenter John Stahler.
23. STATISTICAL EVALUATION
Initial data analysis will be conducted using the real-time Psyleron data analysis and graphing package. REG output data will also be available
in a raw data 'text-file' format for further analysis using other various and established statistical research tools.
24. LST AND GEOMAGNETIC INFLUENCES
24.1. Local Sidereal Time (LST) Considerations. Some statistical studies seem to indicate that performing remote viewing activities
24.2. during certain times of day reckoned according to local sidereal time produced higher quality results, while at other times session
24.3. accuracy declined. The real impact of this apparent effect remains controversial. A check of the LST for experiment working hours
24.4. on 7-8 November shows that no sessions will be conducted during the least-optimal LST time periods.
24.5. Geomagnetism. Studies have shown a possible link between decreased remote viewing session quality and higher levels of background
24.6. geomagnetic activity. We are presently in the quietest period for geomagnetic activity in a half-century, so there is no impact expected
24.7. on viewer performance. Local geomagnetic levels will be checked and recorded for later analysis as a just-in-case measure.
. EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS:
REGs (3, 2 operational, 1 spare)
Laptops (3, 2 operational, 1 spare)
Digital audio recorders (3, 2 operational, 1 spare)
Paper, pens, folders
Videocamera & tripod
USB Memory Sticks and recordable CDs for data backup
. LOGISTICS AND SUPPORT:
CRV_REG e-mail list
. ROLES AND ASSIGNMENTS:
– Viewer, Firefighter
– Viewer, Firefighter
- REG1 Operator
- REG2 Operator
- Gopher, Cat Herder